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World temperature record set at Death Valley

Reuters, August 18, 2020 7:00PM Kids News

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A visitor takes a photo in front of an unofficial thermometer at Furnace Creek Visitor Center on August 17, 2020 in Death Valley National Park, California, US. Picture: Getty Images/AFP media_cameraA visitor takes a photo in front of an unofficial thermometer at Furnace Creek Visitor Center on August 17, 2020 in Death Valley National Park, California, US. Picture: Getty Images/AFP

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One of the hottest air temperatures recorded anywhere on Earth in at least a century, and possibly ever, was reached on Sunday afternoon at Death Valley in California’s Mojave Desert in the US, where it soared to 54.4C.

An automated observation system run by the U.S. National Weather Service in the valley’s sparsely* populated Furnace Creek reported the record at 3.41pm at the crest* of an extreme heatwave, a more frequent occurrence due to climate change.

It was a dry heat: Humidity fell to 7 per cent. But it felt “insanely hot” all the same, according to meteorologist* Daniel Berc at the weather service’s Las Vegas bureau.

“It’s literally like being in an oven,” he said. “Today is another day we could take another run at 130F (54.4C).”

Tourists on Monday took selfies by an outdoor thermometer at the Death Valley visitor centre while avoiding touching metal surfaces with bare skin.

Those who live and work in Furnace Creek, which had a population of 24 in the 2010 census, saw cause for pause in the record.

“We are seeing more records being broken at a daily and monthly level,” said Brandi Stewart, a public information officer for Death Valley National Park who can see the Furnace Creek weather station from her window.

“It is significant that we’re seeing more records breaking.”

Death Valley Hits 130 Degrees, One Of The Highest Temperatures Recorded On Earth media_cameraVisitors walk near a sign warning of extreme heat danger on August 17, 2020 in Death Valley National Park, California, US. Picture: Getty Images/AFP

Climate change has pushed global temperatures to new highs. In Europe, northern Spain broke local heat records in July, while wheat fields in France caught fire. Forests across Siberian Russia are seeing unprecedented* wildfires, while the Arctic sea ice shrank to a record low for July due to melting.

In Furnace Creek, staff and guests at The Oasis hotel were being urged to wear hats and sip water relentlessly* while outside, according to general manager John Kukreja.

He tells guests that extreme heat does strange, deceptive* things to the body.

“You’re going to sweat and the sweat’s going to dry instantly and you’re never going to know you actually felt hot,” he said. “Your hair stands on end. It’s almost like you feel like you’re cold, like goose bumps.”

HISTORICAL RECORDS
A temperature of 56.7C was recorded in Death Valley in July 1913.

Kebili, Tunisia, is said to have hit 55C in July 1931, according to the World Meteorological Organization.

But recent research by Christopher Burt, an extreme weather expert, has led some meteorologists to view these older records as the results of observer error.

01/01/2014. Neville Jacob, owner of the Pink Roadhouse in Oodnadatta, South Australia, holds a thermometer that shows the temperature over 50 degrees. The forecast for Oodnadatta today was 49 degrees. Pic by Morne de Klerk Picture: Klerk Morne De media_cameraNeville Jacob holds a thermometer that shows the temperature over 50 degrees on January 1, 2014 in Oodnadatta, South Australia. Picture: Morne de Klerk

AUSTRALIA’S EXTREMES
Weather records from Australia’s Bureau of Meteorology:

  • Highest temperature: 50.7C, Oodnadatta Airport, SA, January 2, 1960
  • Lowest temperature: -23C, Charlotte Pass, NSW, June 29, 1994
  • Highest daily rainfall: 907mm, at Crohamhurst, Queensland, February 3, 1893
media_cameraTrain lines buckled by extreme heat near Jilalan, south of Sarina, Qld in 1995.

GLOSSARY

  • sparsely: few and far between
  • crest: peak, top
  • meteorologist: weather scientist
  • unprecedented: never happened before
  • relentlessly: constant, without a break
  • deceptive: misleading

EXTRA READING

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QUICK QUIZ

  1. What temperature was recorded on Sunday in Death Valley?
  2. What job does Brandi do?
  3. What is the name of the hotel at Furnace Creek?
  4. Which country is Kebili in?
  5. What, where and when is Australia’s highest recorded temperature?

LISTEN TO THIS STORY

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
1. Graphing Temperatures
This record high temperature was recorded last Sunday in the US. Create a graph showing the weather in different parts of the world last Sunday (use the chart below for your information).

Write 5 statements about what this graph tells you simply by looking at it.

Your graph should be clearly labelled and visually appealing so the information is easily interpreted and understood.

Weather Temperatures around the World – Sunday 16th August, 2020

  • Death Valley California, US 54.5C
  • London, UK 22C
  • Paris, France 28C
  • Melbourne, Australia 15C
  • Beijing, China 4C
  • South Pole, Antarctica -61C
  • Your town’s temperature (estimate if don’t remember exactly) _____C

Time: allow 30 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: Mathematics

2. Extension
List the possible reasons why Furnace Creek is sparsely populated and only had a population of 24 people in the 2010 census?

What would be the advantages and disadvantages of living in a place like Furnace Creek?

Time: allow 10 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Critical and creative thinking

VCOP ACTIVITY
Opener Operation
After reading the article, with a partner, highlight all the openers you can find in blue. Discuss if they are powerful and varied openers or not. Why do you think the journalists have used a mix of simple and power openers? Would you change any, and why?

HAVE YOUR SAY: What did you do on the hottest day you remember?
No one-word answers. Use full sentences to explain your thinking. No comments will be published until approved by editors.

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