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NASA admits the mysterious world called Planet Nine does exist on the edge of our solar system

Jasper Hamill, October 16, 2017 8:06PM The Sun

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An artist's impression of Planet Nine. media_cameraAn artist's impression of Planet Nine.

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International space agency NASA has admitted a mysterious world called Planet Nine is hidden out of sight at the edge of our solar system.

The gigantic* icy planet is believed to be 10 times larger than Earth and 20 times farther away from the Sun than Neptune.

NASA said it was “closing in” on Planet Nine and presented five pieces of evidence pointing to its existence*.

“There are now five different lines of observational evidence pointing to the existence of Planet Nine,” said Konstantin Batygin, a planetary astrophysicist at Caltech in Pasadena.

Some of these clues relate to the gravitational* tug of Planet Nine, which appears to be disturbing the distant Kuiper Belt — an area made up of icy objects that stretches from Neptune out into deep space.

This diagram shows the theoretical orbit of Planet Nine, along with the orbits of the planets and several asteroids or comets. media_cameraThis diagram shows the theoretical orbit of Planet Nine, along with the orbits of the planets and several asteroids or comets.

It is believed Planet Nine is a “super-Earth” — the name for a type of large world in the universe.

However, it’s also feared Planet Nine could eventually destroy the solar system by causing a devastating “death dance”.

It could one day hurtle through our solar system, sending planets “pinballing*” into outer space or plunging into the Sun.

Dr Dimitri Veras of the Department of Physics said: “The existence of a distant massive planet could fundamentally change the fate of the solar system.

“The fate of the solar system would depend on the mass and orbital properties of Planet Nine, if it exists.”

Luckily for us, humans have about seven billion years to prepare for this eventuality, which will take place when the Sun begins to die.

This story first appeared on The Sun and is reprinted here with permission.

GLOSSARY

  • gigantic: very large or huge
  • existence: the fact of existing or being real
  • gravitational: using gravity
  • pinballing: to move quickly and erratically
  • eventuality: a possible event

LISTEN TO TODAY’S STORY

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES

Activity 1.

Outline some of the evidence that NASA have discovered showing that the mysterious Planet Nine exists.
What other information did you learn about this planet from the Kids News article?

Extension:
Explain in your own words how this planet could eventually destroy the solar system.

Time: allow 25 minutes to complete this activity

Curriculum links: Science, English

Activity 2. The Solar System

Work with a partner to create a digital presentation on the planets of the solar system. Include some key facts and diagrams about each one. Use as many effects as you can using the software to make it visually appealing and interesting to read.


Extension:
Make a 3D diorama of the solar system.

Time: allow 50 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum links: Digital Technologies, Science, Personal and Social

VCOP ACTIVITY
(Vocabulary, Connectives, Openers, Punctuation)

Descriptive paragraph

Write a description for Planet Nine to encourage astronauts to set off on a new mission to see if the planet could be used as a settlement for humans in the future.

Extension:
Now write a negative description from the astronauts prospective after visiting this icy planet.

Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity

Curriculum links: English, Big Write, VCOP — Vocabulary

EXTRA RESOURCES

ROBOT ROLLOUT

NASA’S MISSION TO THE SUN

TURNING TO THE SUN FOR POWER

CANBERRA TO CAPTURE CASSINI’S FINAL TRIP

WHAT’S HIDDEN UNDER EARTH’S CRUST?

Extra Reading in space