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Jupiter is at its biggest and brightest in our night sky this month and stargazers only need to look up to see it

Adrianna Zappavigna, June 12, 2019 6:45PM news.com.au

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The Milky Way and Jupiter, right, seen from southern Slovakia on Saturday, June 8, 2019. Picture: Peter Komka/MTI via AP media_cameraThe Milky Way and Jupiter, right, seen from southern Slovakia on Saturday, June 8, 2019. Picture: Peter Komka/MTI via AP

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It’s time to rug up and look up at the night sky for a spectacular view of Jupiter.

Our solar system’s biggest planet is currently as close as it gets to Earth.

But that doesn’t mean you get to stay up past your bedtime, according to NASA’s Skywatch service.

“Jupiter is at its biggest and brightest this month, rising at dusk* and remaining visible all night,” NASA notes.

“The solar system’s largest planet is a brilliant jewel to the naked eye*.”

Stargazers need only glance up to catch a glimpse* of the solar system’s largest planet, without the need for any equipment other than your eyes.

Jupiter and two of its moons are clearly visible in images captured by Voyager 2 in 1979. Picture: NASA/JPL media_cameraJupiter and two of its moons are clearly visible in images captured by Voyager 2 in 1979. Picture: NASA/JPL

“Unlike stars, it won’t twinkle,” Dr Robert Massey, deputy executive director at Britain’s Royal Astronomical Society, told news service CNN. “Even when it’s low down, it will look pretty steady, and that will make it stand out. You’ll need a good clear southern horizon to see it.”

For those with a telescope or just a pair of binoculars, four of Jupiter’s 79 moons — Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto — are also clearly visible.

Four of Jupiter’s 79 moons will be visible this month. Picture: iStock media_cameraFour of Jupiter’s 79 moons are visible this month. Picture: iStock

We have the opportunity for the best views here in the southern hemisphere but people all over the world can enjoy the celestial* event.

Lucky viewers might also “glimpse a hint of the banded clouds” that surround the planet, NASA said.

On June 10, Jupiter was exactly in opposition, which means the orbits of Jupiter, Earth and the Sun were all directly in line. But it is still almost in opposition for about a month, so you haven’t missed out if you haven’t yet been outside stargazing.

media_cameraJupiter, including a huge storm seen here as a big red spot, photographed by the Hubble Space Telescope. Picture: NASA/ESA/A. Simon

Backyard astronomer Anthony Wesley, from central Queensland, was praised for the epic* photos he captured of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot back in April. The spot is actually a storm that’s been raging on Jupiter for more than 200 years. With a camera mounted to his homemade telescope, Mr Wesley seems to have captured images of the storm unravelling.

“It’s been quite dramatic … (the images have been) showing the spot in a state that nobody’s ever seen before,” Mr Wesley told ABC.

Amateur astronomer Anthony Wesley also took the first image of a comet or asteroid the size of Earth crashing into Jupiter. Picture: Stefan Postles media_cameraAmateur astronomer Anthony Wesley has a camera mounted to a homemade telescope to look at Jupiter. Picture: Stefan Postles

And if all that stargazing leaves you yearning* for a closer look, views from NASA’s Juno spacecraft (currently orbiting Jupiter) make Jupiter feel almost close enough to touch.

media_cameraJupiter’s southern hemisphere photographed by NASA’s Juno spacecraft. Picture: AFP/NASA/JPL-CALTECH/SWRI/MSSS/KEVIN M. GILL

MORE ABOUT JUPITER
Jupiter is fifth closest to the Sun. Earth is third closest to the Sun.

Jupiter is about 2.5 times the mass of all the other planets in the solar system combined.

Jupiter is about 143,000km wide and if it was hollow, it could fit 1300 Earths inside it.

VIDEO: NASA’s Juno spacecraft successfully entered Jupiter’s orbit in July 2016

SPACE: NASA Spacecraft Enters Jupiter's Orbit Package Various

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM
Scientists are constantly revising what they consider to be planets and dwarf planets. They are also frequently finding more dwarf planets. In 2006, scientists decided that Pluto was not a planet but a dwarf planet.

It’s hard to keep track of all the planetary discoveries but it’s also tricky to remember what’s where.

From the Sun, outwards, the main planets are:

  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • Earth
  • Mars
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune
  • And then, farthest from the Sun, the dwarf planet Pluto

PLANET MNEMONICS
A mnemonic (pronounced nem-on-ic) is a system for remembering something.

Some people find it helpful to learn a nonsense sentence to help them learn the order of the planets. The first letter of each word is the same as the first letter of a planet.

Some examples if you include Pluto are:

  • My Very Eager Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas
  • My Very Energetic Mother Jumps Skateboards Under Nana’s Patio
  • My Very Easy Method Just Shows Us Nine Planets
  • My Very Easy Memory Jingle Seems Useful Naming Planets

Some examples without Pluto are:

  • My Very Easy Memory Jingle Seems Useless Now (without Pluto!)
  • My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos

GLOSSARY

  • dusk: sunset
  • naked eye: without equipment such as a telescope
  • glimpse: quick view
  • celestial: planets, moons, stars in the sky
  • epic: a long poem about amazing things, but mostly people use it to mean amazing
  • yearning: wanting

EXTRA READING

NASA’s amazing close-up of Jupiter

Rare treats in the night sky

Which planet smells like a popoff?

Seven ‘Earths’ found in space

Voyager 2, Australia is listening to you

QUICK QUIZ

  1. Will Jupiter look like it is twinkling when you see it?
  2. How long had the storm Anthony photographed been going for on Jupiter?
  3. How many Earths could fit inside Jupiter?
  4. What did astronomers decide in 2006?
  5. Which mnemonic do you like best?

LISTEN TO THIS STORY

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
1. Name our Moon
Jupiter’s moons have been given special names. Callisto was a nymph from Ancient Greek mythology. Ganymede was a mythical hero. Think of a special name that you think our moon should have. Write the name, what it means and why you think that this is a great name for the Earth’s moon.

Time: allow 25 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English

2. Extension
Write down the six most important facts about Jupiter you know from the story. Then, create three different mnemonics to help somebody remember them.

Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Science, Critical and Creative Thinking

VCOP ACTIVITY
After reading the article, with a partner, highlight as many wow words or ambitious pieces of vocabulary that you can find in yellow. Discuss the meanings of these words and see if you can use them orally in another sentence.

HAVE YOUR SAY: Have you seen Jupiter in the sky? Which planet do you think is the most interesting? Why?
No one-word answers. Use full sentences to explain your thinking. No comments will be published until approved by editors.

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