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Cartoonist Mark Knight explains why he used the faces of innocent animals to measure the Amazon crisis

Mark Knight, August 29, 2019 6:20PM Herald Sun

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Part of Mark Knight's cartoon on the Amazon fires. media_cameraPart of Mark Knight's cartoon on the Amazon fires.

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Pictures of the Amazon rainforest on fire shocked the world this week.

The Amazon covers nine countries in South America including 40 per cent of Brazil.

It is home to millions of unique* plants, animals, insects species* as well as the Amazon River. Its forests are described as the “lungs of the world” because they produce 20 per cent of the world’s oxygen and its millions of trees store carbon absorbed from the atmosphere.

The Amazon has a special place in the minds of people around the world, just like our Great Barrier Reef, it is seen as a natural wonder* that belongs to the world not just one country and should be protected for the future of all mankind*.

media_cameraA fire burns out of control after spreading onto a farm along a highway in Nova Santa Helena municipality in northern Mato Grosso State, south in the Amazon Basin in Brazil. Picture: AFP

To watch the wildfires destroying thousands of hectares of tropical rainforest after having been lit by people wanting to develop the forests into farmland, caused outrage both in Brazil and around the planet. World leaders were urged to take action.

Watching the catastrophe* unfold I wondered how I might draw a cartoon about it.

Of course I wanted to say what an environmental disaster this was, but how would I do that? Would I draw something political and criticise the Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro for allowing aggressive land clearing to happen? Or would I go down the environmental path and simply comment on the damage being done to the Amazon ecosystem*?

What I wanted to do was to try and measure the destruction in my cartoon for the reader.

The Amazon is home to some amazing animals. Sometimes when I’m looking for an idea, I just start sketching.

Mark Knight’s cartoon. Right click and open image in new tab to see image full screen.

Mark Knight's cartoon on the Amazon fires media_cameraMark Knight’s cartoon on the Amazon fires

I searched for what type of animals live in the Amazon and discovered there were such wonderful creatures as the jaguar, the three-toed sloth, the tapir, giant anacondas and tarantula spiders. Scary stuff, but fun to draw!

I started sketching them and suddenly realised that the cartoon should look at this tragedy from the viewpoint* of those most affected by these fires — the animals that live there.

In Australia we are told that when there is a bushfire the best thing to do is to flee. Unfortunately sloths are one of the slowest moving creatures on the planet and running would be impossible for them, so I decided that a sloth in danger should be in the cartoon. I sketched a jaguar, too. The Amazon’s big cat has such a penetrating* stare! I felt it had to be in the cartoon.

Listening to news reports as I drew, I heard the French president Emmanuel Macron voice his concerns over what was happening. He was at the G7* conference in France with other world leaders. Then my brain started working and I remembered hearing President Macron earlier this year commenting on another fire that had brought the world to a standstill*. It was the fire that broke out in the gothic* Notre Dame cathedral in Paris.

media_cameraSmoke fills the air as flames burn through the roof of the Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral on April 15, 2019. Picture: AFP

Notre Dame is one of the world’s most historic architectural* and religious wonders and, like the Great Barrier Reef and the Amazon, many people believe it belongs to the world.

Those who witnessed the fire sweep through the roof and see its central spire* fall into the flames were brought to tears. And that’s when the idea came to me that there was a similarity going on here between these two fires and those directly affected.

The Amazon bushfire was to the animals of the Amazon what the fire in Notre Dame cathedral was to the people of Paris and France.

And so I drew the Amazon forest with the fire ablaze in the background with the sloth recounting* the empathy expressed by the French President and next to it the jaguar staring out at the reader with a worried look saying, “This is OUR Notre Dame”.

Just like the Paris cathedral, it is a special place consumed by fire.

GLOSSARY

  • unique: the only one of its kind
  • species: a group of living organisms of a similar type
  • natural wonder: a natural cause of astonishment or amazement
  • mankind: the human race
  • catastrophe: disaster
  • ecosystem: a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
  • viewpoint: a person’s opinion or point of view
  • penetrating: intense
  • G7: a group of leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United State that meets annually to discuss global issues.
  • standstill: a dead stop
  • gothic: building style in western Europe in the 12th — 16th centuries.
  • architectural: art of designing and constructing buildings
  • spire: cone or pyramid shaped structure on top of a building
  • recounting: retelling

EXTRA READING

Amazon fires: who will help save the rainforest?

How to rebuild Notre Dame

Smith is Aussie cricket’s knight in shining armour

QUICK QUIZ

  1. Name two natural wonders mentioned in this story.
  2. What has caused the Amazon fires?
  3. Name the cathedral in Paris that caught fire this year.
  4. Why did Mark Knight choose a sloth for his cartoon?
  5. What type of architecture is the Notre Dame cathedral built in?

LISTEN TO THIS STORY

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
1. Caption it!
Cartoonists such as Mark Knight are so skilled they can convey a lot of complex information in one or a series of drawings without the need for many or any words.

However, Mark’s cartoon was drawn with an adult audience in mind and he knows that most people who look at it will also have read and watched a lot of news stories about both the Amazon fires and the Notre Dame inferno earlier in the year. People look at his cartoon with the help of a lot of background knowledge.

Read Mark’s explanation of what the cartoon means again and write two, three or four short sentences, just to make sure you understand what the cartoon is saying.

Using your sentences to help you, write a new caption for the cartoon or some new thought bubbles or quotes from the animals in the cartoon that will make Mark’s meaning clearer for children or people who haven’t been reading the news this week.

Time: allow at least 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum links: English, Humanities, Visual Arts, Critical and Creative Thinking

2. Extension
Look through the most recent stories on Kids News and choose one to draw a cartoon about. Use Mark’s three-step process to get started:

  1. What is my subject?
  2. What do I want to say about this issue?
  3. How do I say it? Do I use visual metaphors (an image that the viewer is meant to understand as a symbol for something else), multiple panels or symbolism (when one idea, feeling or emotion is represented by something else such as a: picture, character, colour or object)?

Time: allow at least 40 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum links: English, Humanities, Visual Arts, Critical and Creative Thinking

VCOP ACTIVITY
After reading the article, with a partner, highlight as many wow words or ambitious pieces of vocabulary that you can find in yellow. Discuss the meanings of these words and see if you can use them orally in another sentence.

HAVE YOUR SAY: Which of the Amazon animals would you want to save?
No one-word answers. Use full sentences to explain your thinking. No comments will show until approved by editors.

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