Toy stores should be non-gendered* in a bid to stop girls wanting traditional jobs like teaching and nursing, an Australian researcher says.
Girls and boys as young as seven are opting for gender-specific careers, with girls choosing jobs based on care and love and boys choosing jobs based on money and power, a new study shows.
Australian Catholic University Associate Professor Laura Scholes and Dr Sarah McDonald from the University of South Australia surveyed 332 Year 3 students from 14 Australian schools.
They found the top occupations for boys included professional sports, STEM related jobs and policing or defence. Girls wanted to be teachers, vets or to work in the arts.
Associate Professor Scholes said the influence of gender stereotypes* on such choices began in early childhood.
“Bright pink ‘toys for girls’ and blue ‘toys for boys’ are sold on store shelves around the world,” she said on The Conversation website.
“In the boys’ section you’ll find science, construction and warfare toys – perhaps a motorised robot or a telescope.
“In the girls’ lane you’ll get toys related to cleaning, prams, dolls, kitchens, makeup, jewellery and crafts.
“This flows into lower numbers of girls taking STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects at school. In turn, this means fewer women are going on to work in the sciences.”
Associate Professor Scholes’ comments come as women make up only 28 per cent of the STEM workforce, with the biggest gap in the highest-paid jobs of computer science and engineering.
California in the US has passed the first law requiring retailers to display toys in gender-neutral* ways.
In Australia some brands such as Mattel and Hasbro are no longer targeting boys or girls with their toys. Retailers such as Target and Kmart already have gender-neutral toy aisles.
Danish toy giant Lego last week vowed* to remove gender stereotypes from its toys, after a global study found that 71 per cent of boys feared being teased for playing with toys marketed at girls.
Lego said its products were mainly used by boys, but pledged to work to remove gender bias* from its toys and instead market them at both genders.
- non-gendered: not specific to males or females
- stereotypes: fixed general ideas or images that people have of other people or groups of people, in this case boys and girls
- gender-neutral: not specific to males or females
- vowed: promised, pledged
- bias: unfairly supporting or opposing a particular person, belief or thing
- Girls are choosing jobs that are based on what, according to the research?
- What are boys choosing jobs based on?
- How many children from how many schools were surveyed for this study?
- What percentage of the STEM workforce do women make up?
- Which toy giant last week vowed to remove gender stereotypes?
LISTEN TO THIS STORY
1. Do You Agree?
Are toys the only things that make girls and boys choose more traditional jobs? List all of the things that you think make kids like or dislike particular jobs.
Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Personal and Social Capability
Associate Professor Scholes and Dr McDonald surveyed Year 3 children. This means that they asked them questions to find out what girls and boys want to be when they grow up. They also asked questions to help understand what influences girls’ and boys’ career choices. What do you think they asked? Write five questions that you think they would have asked to help them to write their study.
Time: allow 30 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Health and Physical Education, Science, Critical and Creative Thinking
Marketing Manager Needed
The toy world needs your help. They need to remove stereotypes from toys and who best to ask than the kids themselves. Think of a toy that is marketed to the opposite gender to you. Think about the ad you might have seen on TV or in the toy catalogue. Think about the packaging it’s in.
How could they rebrand this toy to change the marketing (advertising and packaging) to suit both genders?
Create a design for a new advertisement poster or toy package to submit to the toy manufacture.
Think about the words you use, the colours, the pictures and if any children appear in the ad.