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Report released for National Homelessness Week reveals more people are sleeping rough

Belinda Tasker and Donna Coutts, August 7, 2018 8:06AM AP

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Homeless people camping on the street in Melbourne. media_cameraHomeless people camping on the street in Melbourne.


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Australia  has an increasing number of people sleeping rough on its streets, most of whom are male, middle-aged, unemployed and suffering mental health or drug problems.

That’s the snapshot painted by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), which has completed Australia’s first comprehensive* study on who is sleeping rough and why.

AIHW put the study together after the 2016 Census*, which reported that 8200 Australians were sleeping rough — which means living on the streets, sleeping in parks or cars, or sleeping in some other sort of out-of-home, makeshift* shelter — on the night the Census was taken.

HOMELESS media_cameraA homeless person sitting on the footpath in Melbourne. Picture: Ian Currie

Other homeless people on the night of the Census could have been staying with friends or had a bed in crisis* accommodation* for the night, so weren’t counted as sleeping rough.

Using information collected by government-funded homelessness service providers, the institute found that about 13,700 people were sleeping rough from July 2011 to June 2012 and had asked for help.

Two thirds of them were male and more than half were aged over 35. Nearly all were unemployed, while more than two thirds were living alone. Just under half had a mental health issue, while a third were struggling with a drug or alcohol problem.

Among the rough sleepers aged between 15 and 34, more than half (55 per cent) were female and many had experienced violence in their home.

Charities and welfare groups in Australia and around the world do important work helping people who are homeless, including children

While the latest Census found that rough sleepers account for about one in 14 of the total number of homeless people in Australia, their numbers have increased by 20 per cent since 2011.

AIHW spokesman Matthew James said the data* collected for the report would help homeless service providers know who to help and how.

media_cameraAustralian cricketers Mitchell Starc (centre), Steve O’Keefe (right) and Alyssa Healy slept at the SCG to raise funds for youth homelessness. Picture: AAP

A fifth of those who had been sleeping rough had experienced multiple* periods of homelessness, the report found.

The report was released in time for National Homelessness Week, co-ordinated by Homelessness Australia to raise awareness of people experiencing homelessness, the issues they face and the action needed to achieve lasting solutions. In 2018, Homelessness Week is August 6-12 with a theme “Ending homelessness together’’.

media_cameraDon Scott and Judy Maujean from charity Orange Sky that provides mobile laundries and showers for homeless people. Picture: supplied

Politicians, welfare groups and international experts are meeting in Melbourne today and tomorrow for the National Homelessness Conference. They will discuss why people experience homelessness and how to pay for programs to end or reduce homelessness.

“Despite record numbers of people needing help, investment in homelessness and housing is lower than ever,” Homelessness Australia chair Jenny Smith said.

“Homelessness is not a personal choice; it’s a reflection* that broader social supports and service systems are failing. After years of neglect*, it’s time our leaders turned their attention to solving this humanitarian* crisis,” Ms Smith said.

Sue Hickey - Homelessness media_cameraSue Hickey had a birthday party recently and asked for blankets instead of presents, which she gave to the Salvation Army. Salvation Army’s Brad Watson with the 71 blankets. Picture: Sam Rosewarne.


Homelessness Australia is encouraging people to help reduce homelessness: attend community events, invite politicians to community events and write to politicians to ask them to help.

Walk for Homelessness media_cameraStudents from Ringwood Secondary College in Victoria with staff from various homeless organisations joined the Walk for Homelessness in July. Picture: Hamish Blair

There are many wonderful local, state and national charities across Australia that help people experiencing homelessness. Some ask for donations and for volunteer help. Many have special events that you can join, such as charity walks and runs and nights where you sleep outside to raise money.

Edithvale Primary student making cupcakes for charity media_cameraEdithvale Primary student Airlie Smith is making 300 cupcakes to raise money for local homeless people. Picture: Andy Brownbill

Others run charity shops, where you can donate good-quality clothes, toys and household goods. Buying things from these shops is another way to donate to these charities.

top 5 ways you can help the homeless this winter media_cameraVolunteer Eilish Taheny at Vinnies Waymouth Street, Adelaide. Charity shops such as this one raise money by selling donated clothing and other goods. Picture: AAP


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  • comprehensive: including all the factors and details
  • Census: official count of all Australians on one night
  • makeshift: temporary
  • crisis: emergency
  • accommodation: somewhere to stay
  • data: number information
  • multiple: more than one
  • reflection: shows how something really is
  • neglect: not look after
  • humanitarian: looking after humans



  1. How many people were recorded as sleeping rough on the night of the 2016 Census?
  2. What does sleeping rough mean? Where are other homeless people sleeping?
  3. How will the study help homelessness service providers?
  4. Why was the study released at this time?
  5. List four ways people can help end homelessness.


1. Who can help where you live?

Towards the end of this news story it is mentioned that there are charities at local, state and national level that can offer help to those experiencing homelessness. Conduct your own research to find out more about the services available in your local area and answer these questions:

What are the names of some services available in your area and where are they located or how can they be contacted?

What types of assistance can these services offer to help people who are homeless?

How can community members contribute to these charities to help with the work they do?

Is there anything you can identify that is missing from the available services in your local area that the homeless may need?

2. Extension: Now that you have read this news article and done some further research, how would you respond to somebody who expressed a negative opinion about homeless people? Write down what you would say to them.

Time: Allow 30 minutes
Curriculum links: English, Civics and Citizenship


After reading the article, with a partner, highlight as many pieces of punctuation as you can find in green. Discuss how these are being used, where and how often. What level of the punctuation pyramid is the journalist using in this article?

HAVE YOUR SAY: Share your ideas on how kids can help. Have you helped a charity that helps homeless people in the past? What could you, your friends and your school do to help in the future? 

Explain your ideas using full sentences.

Extra Reading in humanities