Archaeologists* have found a 2200-year-old shipwreck buried at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea.
The wreck of a military vessel was discovered underneath the ancient city of Heracleion (also known as Thonis), which fell into the sea after it was destroyed by earthquakes in the second century BC.
Along with the remains of a funerary* area, the 25m-long shipwreck was noted as being a common boat for navigating the Nile River.
“(The ship sank) as a result of the collapse of the temple and huge blocks falling on it during the second century BC, due to a devastating earthquake,” a statement from the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities said.
“The fall of these stone blocks contributed to keeping the ship down the deep canal now filled with temple debris*.”
The wreck was found by archaeologists under 5m of clay and debris along with a burial site which was covered in a pile of rocks.
It was discovered using a type of sonar* by an Egyptian-French mission, led by the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology (IEASM).
“This discovery beautifully illustrates the presence of the Greek merchants* who lived in that city,” the Ministry told Reuters.
“They built their own sanctuaries* close to the huge temple of Amun. Those were destroyed simultaneously and their remains are found mixed with those of the Egyptian temple.”
The city of Heracleion, which is where Cleopatra was inaugurated*, was said to be one of the most important trade centres in the Mediterranean before it disappeared into what is now the Bay of Aboukir.
Heracleion, which sat off Egypt’s north coast, slumped into the sea some 2200 years ago and was lost for thousands of years until divers stumbled upon its remains in 2000.
In 2019, a mysterious temple was discovered among the ruins of an ancient sunken city described as the “Egyptian Atlantis”.
Studies of its sprawling ruins have been ongoing ever since, though we still don’t know much about the once-great port town.
- archaeologists: someone who studies ancient people and things
- funerary: related to funerals or commemorating the dead
- debris: scattered remains or pieces of something
- sonar: sound pulse system for underwater detecting
- merchants: person or company involved in trading or selling goods
- sanctuaries: refuges, safe places
- inaugurated: officially recognised, often in a special ceremony
- How long ago did the ship sink?
- What is the other name given to the ancient city of Heracleion?
- What caused the city to slide into the sea?
- What equipment helped archaeologists discover the shipwreck?
- What kind of vessel was it when it was in use?
LISTEN TO THIS STORY
1. Make a List
List all of the things that you think the shipwreck can help us learn about life in Ancient Egypt.
Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, History
‘Studying old ruins is a waste of time and money.’
Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Write paragraphs explaining your point of view on this.
Time: allow 25 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, History
Summarise the article
A summary is a brief statement of the main points of something. It does not usually include extra detail or elaborate on the main points.
Use the 5W & H model to help you find the key points of this article. Read the article carefully to locate who and what this article is about, and where, when, why and how this is happening. Once you have located this information in the article, use it to write a paragraph that summarises the article.