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World’s longest sea bridge connects Hong Kong and China

Staff writers and AFP, October 24, 2018 7:00PM News Corp Australia Network

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The 55km bridge linking mainland China and Hong Kong. Picture: Judith Elen media_cameraThe 55km bridge linking mainland China and Hong Kong. Picture: Judith Elen

geography

Reading level: orange

The world’s longest sea bridge opened this week, connecting Hong Kong to mainland China by road.

It took nine years and about $20 billion to build but only a few people will be able to drive on it.

Chinese President Xi Jinping and Hong Kong’s chief executive Carrie Lam opened the bridge on Tuesday. Hong Kong is an island that has been a part of China since 1997.

Chinese President Xi Jinping clapping at the launch of the bridge. Film of fireworks was shown on the screen behind him. Picture: AP media_cameraChinese President Xi Jinping clapping at the launch of the bridge. Film of fireworks was shown on the screen behind him. Picture: AP

The 55km crossing includes a snaking* road bridge and underwater tunnel, which ships can sail over. Cameras on the bridge check if drivers yawn more than three times in 20 seconds. Heart rate and blood pressure of drivers is also monitored.

Building began in 2009 and the excitement of its completion has been clouded* by delays, budget overspends, corruption* and the deaths of construction workers.

The launch was only announced last week by mainland Chinese government officials. Hong Kong officials and transport companies have complained they have been left out of launch discussions.

It is the second major link tying Hong Kong to mainland China to launch in weeks, after the opening of a high-speed rail link last month.

Supporters of the project hail* it as an engineering marvel* that will benefit business and cut travel time.

Others see it as expensive and a failure and a way for mainland China to have more control over Hong Kong, which is called an autonomous* territory. This means that Hong Kong residents have rights and laws different to residents of mainland China.

Hong Kong politician Eddie Chu told The Guardian newspaper the bridge was “basically redundant*” after officials claimed the bridge would see about 25 per cent less traffic by 2030 because of another competing bridge.

Online commenters in Hong Kong complained about the bridge’s restricted access ahead of the launch.

“Such a huge investment using the Hong Kong taxpayer’s money … yet basically it is not open to us at all,” said one comment on the South China Morning Post news website.

This is an aerial view of part of the bridge. It is difficult to photograph the whole bridge together because it is so far across. Picture: AFP media_cameraThis is an aerial view of part of the bridge. It is difficult to photograph the whole bridge together because it is so far across. Picture: AFP

The bridge is mainland territory. Hong Kong drivers must obey the laws of the mainland while on the bridge. They will need a special permit to cross, available to only a few, including those who pay lots of taxes to the Chinese government, donate a lot of money to mainland China territories or have senior government jobs on the mainland. There won’t be public transport across the bridge, only private buses.

People who cross the bridge will go through immigration and show their passport in Hong Kong, as we do when we leave and return to Australia. Picture: AFP media_cameraPeople who cross the bridge will go through immigration and show their passport in Hong Kong, as we do when we leave and return to Australia. Picture: AFP

Hong Kong drivers drive on the left side of the road, as we do in Australia. In mainland China, drivers drive on the right side of the road. Drivers will move to the right side of the road at a special merge point on Hong Kong before they cross the bridge to go to the mainland.

Towers above the bridge have been designed to look like dolphins, in honour of the threatened Chinese white dolphin that lives in the Pearl River estuary*, which the bridge crosses. The bridge’s curves are meant to resemble a snake, according to the designer.

Conservationists claim building the bridge has led to falling numbers of the dolphins.

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GLOSSARY

snaking: following a curving line like a snake

clouded: spoiled a bit

corruption: dishonesty, such as taking money from someone to make decisions they agree with

hail: declared

marvel: a wonderful thing

autonomous: works separately and makes its own decisions

redundant: not useful any more

estuary: where the mouth of the river meets the sea

LISTEN TO THIS STORY

QUICK QUIZ

1. Why can’t you drive between Hong Kong and China without a bridge?

2. How long is the bridge?

3. Another link opened recently. What sort of a bridge is that?

4. Will everyone be able to travel across the bridge? Who can and who can’t?

5. Which side of the road will everyone drive on when on the bridge?

CLASSROOM ACTIVITY

Do you think the bridge should have been built? List all of the information in the story that supports your opinion. Add some reasons of your own.

Time: Allow 20 minutes

Curriculum Links: English, Critical and Creative Thinking

Extension: In the story you read about some of the things on the bridge that help with the problem of people driving when they are too tired. Can you think of some gadgets or inventions that could be put in cars to help drivers know if they are too tired?

Write a description of your invention and create a design.

Time: Allow 40 minutes

Curriculum Links: Design and Technology, Critical and Creative Thinking, English

VCOP ACTIVITY

With a partner see if you can you identify all the doing words/verbs in this text. Highlight them in yellow and then make a list of them all down your page. Now see if you and your partner can come up with a synonym for the chosen verb. Make sure it still makes sense in the context it was taken from.

Try to replace some of the original verbs with your synonyms and discuss if any are better and why.

HAVE YOUR SAY: Do you believe the bridge is a good idea? Use full sentences to explain why or why not. No one-word answers.

Extra Reading in geography