In the late 1400s, explorer Christopher Columbus sailed through the Atlantic Ocean in search of the Americas. He recorded that he saw a great flame of fire crash into the ocean, a strange light appearing in the distance a few weeks later and some odd compass readings.
There were other strange happenings reported — including planes and ships disappearing — in the same triangle-shaped area of the Atlantic Ocean for the next 500 years. By the 1960s, people were so interested in this part of the world and what had happened there it had a name: the Bermuda Triangle.
Kids News looks at the phenomenon* called the Bermuda Triangle and whether there really is so much strange stuff going on at all.
WHAT AND WHERE IS IT?
There’s no official location or firm boundaries to the Bermuda Triangle, but the name refers to a roughly triangle-shaped area of the Atlantic Ocean between the island of Bermuda, UK, the coast of Florida, US and Central American countries including Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
The Bermuda Triangle covers an area of about 1.3 million square kilometres, a bit smaller than the Northern Territory (1.42 million square kilometres).
It’s also sometimes called the Devil’s Triangle.
WHAT HAPPENED THERE?
There are stories that fascinate people about strange goings-on and ship and plane disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle over the centuries, including ships being found with no crew on board.
In 1918 a US navy cargo ship called the USS Cyclops disappeared somewhere between Barbados and Chesapeake Bay, US, with 300 men on board. The ship should have been able to send an SOS distress signal but didn’t do so. No wreckage was ever found. In 1941 two of the Cyclops’ sister ships also vanished in the same area.
One of the highest-profile events was in 1945, when five US navy planes and the 14 crew disappeared.
During what was a regular navy training exercise, the flight leader Lieutenant Charles Taylor called over his plane’s radio that he didn’t know where they were.
The disappearance of the planes was investigated but no wreckage was found, which is probably not surprising because they were flying over the ocean. Though no one knows exactly what happened, we do know that the pilots were in training, that it was dark and that the flight leader had been lost on flights before.
IS THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE REALLY SO STRANGE?
In 2019, there were 61,100 merchant* ships travelling around the world’s oceans and waterways, plus military ships and private yachts people sail around for pleasure.
In 2020, there were 24,000 commercially registered aeroplanes in the world, plus military aircraft and private planes.
Apart from during this year’s coronavirus-related disruption to world travel, there are usually tens of thousands of ships, boats and planes travelling around the world every day without anything bad happening.
And though modern aeroplanes and ships are very safe, very occasionally one does get into trouble and crashes or sinks. If a plane crashes on land, we can see that it has happened and there is no mystery as to where it went.
Rarely, something goes wrong with a plane or ship and no one can work out why. A recent example is the Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 flight, which disappeared in 2014 in the Indian Ocean, nowhere near the Bermuda Triangle. Only small pieces of the plane have been found and we still don’t know what happened.
Importantly, if something goes wrong with a ship or plane, it’s no more likely to happen inside the Bermuda Triangle than anywhere else. Ships and planes travel through the Bermuda Triangle every day and nothing strange happens and they don’t disappear.
On Christopher Columbus’s observations in the late 1400s, we’d probably now put a strange flash of light in the night sky down to a meteorite, an asteroid or a comet.
One explanation for Columbus’ odd compass readings could have happened when he crossed over an imaginary line on maps called the agonic line on which a compass needle points true north.
NOTICING THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE
Human brains aren’t foolproof. If you’ve ever been tricked by a visual illusion, you’ll agree.
Scientists have studied another kind of illusion, which they call a frequency illusion and has the name the Baader-Meinhof phenomenon, or the Baader-Meinhof effect. This is when your awareness of something increases, so you believe it’s actually happening more than it is. So if your family buys a particular type of white Kia car, for instance, it suddenly seems like there are white Kia cars everywhere, because you’re noticing them.
In the case of the Bermuda Triangle, it’s unlikely that any more strange things are happening in this area of the Atlantic Ocean than anywhere else. But if we see news about something happening in the Bermuda Triangle, we notice, which makes us feel like things are happening there all the time.
MYSTERIES ARE EXCITING
A mystery is a question to which we don’t have all the answers. Humans can’t help wanting to know all the answers. If we can’t or don’t bother to find out all the answers, it usually makes us even more curious.
Some people aren’t satisfied with not knowing all the answers or they don’t accept the scientific explanation. They find it comforting to look for answers beyond logical or scientific explanation. Other ways people try to explain happenings are by putting them down to supernatural or paranormal happenings. These two words are labels for something we can’t explain with science or the known ways nature works. Magic and ghosts are two examples of supernatural or paranormal things.
- phenomenon: something we notice
- merchant: for carrying cargo
- Who was Christopher Columbus?
- Where is the Bermuda Triangle?
- How big is the Bermuda Triangle?
- What happened to the ship called Cyclops?
- Explain the Baader-Meinhof effect. Give an example.
LISTEN TO THIS STORY
1. For or Against?
Do you think the Bermuda Triangle is real? Give reasons for your answer.
Time: allow 15 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Personal and Social Capability
Optical illusion. Make an artwork or write a story, poem or song based on this idea.
Time: allow at least 30 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Visual Arts, Music
Proper Noun Police
A proper noun is a noun that names a particular person, place or thing. It always has a capital letter.
How many proper nouns can you find within this article? Find them all and sort them into the category of name, place, time (date/month).
Can you find any proper nouns included in your writing?
What are they?
Can you sort them into their categories?
HAVE YOUR SAY: What do you believe about the Bermuda Triangle?
No one-word answers. Use full sentences to explain your thinking. No comments will be published until approved by editors.