From sea level rise and species threat to coastal erosion* and coral bleaching*, Australia’s environment is in poor shape and is expected to deteriorate* further, according to a “shocking” new government report.
The five-yearly, 2000-page State of the Environment Report, released by Environment Minister Tanya Plibersek on Tuesday, details the condition of the country after successive* years of bushfires, floods, droughts and extreme heatwaves.
Ms Plibersek described it as a “shocking document … (that) tells a story of crisis and decline in Australia’s environment”.
Among other findings, the report reveals the list of threatened Australian plants and animals has grown 8 per cent, adding 202 species since the last report in 2016.
The country now has more foreign plant species than native, the report’s authors noted.
Sydney University Professor and lead author Emma Johnston said Australia was being hit by more extreme weather events, and these could have a cascading effect*.
“There have been three mass bleachings on the Great Barrier Reef in the past five years … that is a ridiculous high frequency,” she said.
“You don’t have enough time for recovery. They’re often compounding, so you get one extreme event followed by another.
“We had the bushfires of 2019/2020, immediately followed by flooding rains, which pushed ash and mud and vegetation into our rivers and estuaries*, and so for the first time we’ve documented impacts of wildfire in estuaries. We’re seeing new impact types because we’re getting these new or more substantial extreme events.”
While climate change is putting many environmental systems under pressure, Prof Johnston said one of the most “fixable” problems was land clearing. The Environment Protection and Biodiversity* Conservation Act could and should consider the cumulative* effects of removing vegetation, rather than making “development by development” assessments, she said.
The report revealed the previous government’s Threatened Species Strategy had only achieved “partial success,” with 51 of 71 designated priority species showing no improvement at all, although 14 species which had been in decline were now in recovery.
Of the 20 mammals on the priority species list, eight had improved, five had deteriorated, one was stable and six showed only minor changes.
Australian Conservation Foundation CEO Kelly O’Shanassy said nature was “under pressure like never before, with wildlife habitat continuing to be destroyed”.
“Much-loved Australian species like koalas, greater gliders and gang-gang cockatoos have recently been added to the endangered list and even Bogong moths, which were seen in their millions just a few years ago, are now in strife,” she said.
The report was provided to former Environment Minister Sussan Ley last December, who was criticised for not releasing it prior to the election.
Ms Plibersek called out the previous government for “a decade of … inaction and wilful ignorance”.
“I won’t be putting my head in the sand – under Labor, the environment is back on the priority list,” she said.
But a spokesperson for Ms Ley said the report was “dealt with consistent with the statutory* time-frame set out under the Act”. The Coalition had delivered several environmental initiatives while in office, including record funding for the Great Barrier Reef and increased cash for threatened species, the spokesperson said.
Prof Johnston said the 30-plus authors who worked on the report “would have been really pleased to have that information available as soon as it was complete … wherever possible, radical transparency is a great philosophy”.
- erosion: soil and rock debris wearing away and being moved by forces like wind and water
- coral bleaching: stress from environmental change causes coral to expel algae and turn white
- deteriorate: progressively worsen, decline, decay, become inferior in quality
- successive: happening one after the other without a break
- cascading effect: when an event in a system negatively impacts other, related systems
- estuaries: areas where a freshwater river or stream meets the ocean
- biodiversity: variety of life found somewhere or the total variety of life on Earth
- cumulative: increasing by one addition after another and including all previous amounts
- statutory: required by law
- How many species were added to the list of threatened Australian plants and animals?
- How many of the 71 designated priority species showed no improvement at all?
- Name three much-loved Australian species recently added to the endangered list?
- What was the status breakdown of the 20 mammals on the priority species list?
- When did former Environment Minister Sussan Ley receive the report?
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1. Environmental emergency
Use the five W’s comprehension strategy to help you understand and articulate the key points to come from this very important Kids News article.
Summarise the article in one sentence:
Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English; Critical and Creative Thinking
What would you like to see the current Labor Government implement to help combat this environmental crisis?
Detail three key policies you’d like them to implement in the very near future:
Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English; Science; Critical and Creative Thinking
Wow word recycle
There are plenty of wow words (ambitious pieces of vocabulary) being used in the article. Some are in the glossary, but there might be extra ones from the article that you think are exceptional as well.
Identify all the words in the article that you think are uncommon words and particularly good choices for the writer to have chosen.
Select three words you have highlighted to recycle into your own sentences.
If any of the words you identified are not in the glossary, write up your own glossary for them.